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Types of Periodontal Disease

types of periodontal disease saratoga

Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Other Gum Diseases

There are different types of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is one gum condition that is reversible and often characterized by bleeding, reddish, painful, swollen and purulent gum tissues. There is no gum recession and there is no bone involvement; the disease infection is limited to the soft tissues, and they are easily brought back to a normal and healthy state through dental cleaning, scaling and comprehensive oral hygiene measures.

When this condition is allowed to progress the infection can spread below the gum line, infecting the bone. Soon enough deep pockets between the gums and teeth will be formed, signifying the destruction of soft tissues and bone. At this point, a full blown periodontitis has developed and they may occur in various forms:

Aggressive Periodontitis

This type of Periodontal Disease is observed on a healthy patient. There is rapid loss of gum tissue and chronic destruction of bone.

Chronic Periodontitis

This type of Periodontal disease presents with progressive loss of attachment that is insterspersed with periods of rapid progression. There is inflammation of the supporting tissues so deep pockets are formed, thus making the teeth appear longer, since the gums are receding.

Necrotizing Periodontitis

Common to patients suffering from a systemic disorder like malnutrition, immunosuppression and HIV. It is characterized by the necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.

Periodontitis caused by Systemic Disease

Common to younger individuals and often related to medical conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and respiratory disease.

Consult your Saratoga dentist Dr. Prasad today to get accurate diagnosis on your gum disease. Call Argonaut Dental at (408) 867-1800.

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